Mosler Italian, Bergamon

Hasierarako, ikus Warren Mosler Italian, 2016ko apirilaren29an

Segida: Quel 29 aprile che ha aperto una prospettiva diversa1

B plana:

Warren Mosler ha spiegato i motivi per cui è necessario che l’Italia si doti di un “Piano B” nel confronto con le istituzioni europee. In assenza di un Piano B, l’Italia rischia di fare la fine della Grecia, e dover infine subire una posizione di passiva accettazione dei diktat europei. Un piano B è l’unico strumento che consente di rendere evidente che il problema è politico e non tecnico, e che è sempre possibile uscire dalla deflazione, adottando scelte che ripudiano l’austerità.”

IMG-20160430-WA0004

B planak bost puntu ditu:

Il piano B illustrato da Warren Mosler si declina in 5 punti, riassunti nella slide che segue.

IMG-20160430-WA0005

Warren Mosler ha ribadito uno dei passaggi chiave del piano: il Governo non dovrebbe procedere alla conversione forzosa dei depositi dei cittadini da euro in nuova lira. La conversione dovrebbe avvenire gradualmente, a seguito della richiesta dei soggetti che detengono risparmi in euro, prevenendo un eccesso di offerta della nuova valuta ed oscillazioni impreviste del tasso di cambio tra la nuova valuta e l’euro.”

Gauza bertsua eurogunean Eurexit aplikatuko lukeen beste edozein estatutan, barne bihar/etziko Euskal Herri independentean, non euskal moneta bat (edozein delarik haren izena) erabili ahalko dugun.


Hiru afera: nazionala, soziala eta feminismoa

Hiru hitz, karlista berriei buruz

Arlo nazionalean… oraindik laugarren karlistadakoak nagusi…

Sarrera:

 Laugarren Karlistadak aurrera darrai Baskongadetan

 Bidea elkarrekin egin nahian:

(http://www.berria.eus/paperekoa/1850/002/001/2016-04-12/bidea_elkarrekin_egin_nahian.htm)

Gizarte arloan ‘ia erabat’ ados daudela berretsi dute

(Primeran, Espainiak behar zaituzte eta!)

 Zer ote da karlismo berria?:

ESANA. PELLO URIZAR. EH Bilduko legebiltzarkidea eta EAko idazkari nagusia

(http://www.berria.eus/paperekoa/3069/007/003/2016-04-27/esana_pello_urizar_eh_bilduko_legebiltzarkidea_eta_eako_idazkari_nagusia.htm)

«Guri ere interesatzen zaigu Espainiako Estatua demokratizatzea, eta, aukera txikiena baldin badago, horren aldeko eragilea izango gara».

 Laugarren karlistadakoek diotenez, EH Bildu muestra su «decepción» porque no se haya desalojado al PP del Gobierno español

(Noiz arte onartuko ote du euskal gazteria independentistak desbideratze sakon eta lotsagarri hori?)

Arazo sozialaz… hiru hitz

Mundua, Europa, Euskal Herria:

 Europar Batasuna: zer ote da? CIA-k bultzatu ote zuen?

Globalizazioa ala neoliberalismoa?

Gehigarriak:

Europa Munduan (power point)

Bideragarria ote da euskal estatu independentea?

DTM lau eskematan (euroa eta lira)

Ongi etorri euskoa!

Langabeziari dagokionez, maiatzaren lehena dela eta, gogoratu ondoko hauek:

Langabezia: zer egin?:

DTMkoen eskutik: langabeziaren aurka lan bermea (http://www.unibertsitatea.net/otarrea/gizarte-zientziak/ekonomia/langabeziaren-aurka-lan-bermea).

Pavlina Tcherneva lan bermeaz (job guarantee)

Feminismoaz

Feminismoa, noski:

Feminism is the radical notion that women are people

Gogoratu ondoko hau:

 Feminismoaz hitz bi


Europar Batasuna: zer ote da? CIA-k bultzatu ote zuen?

Albiste berezia: The European Union always was a CIA project, as Brexiteers discover1

Funtsean hauxe azaltzen da, hasieran bertan Europar Batasunaren eraketan CIA egon zela2.

Albistea oso eztabaidatua izan da ondoko lanean: Ambrose Evans-Pritchard — The European Union always was a CIA project, as Brexiteers discover

CIA-ri buruz, hona hemen aipatutako iritzirik garrantzitsuena:

MRW said…

I don’t buy this. I believe Alain Parguez’ version, the one he gave at the 2012 Rimini, Italy, MMT Conference. Parguez actually participated in Mitterand’s meetings.”

Izan ere, Parguez, beste batzuekin batera, Mitterand-ekin egon zen, AEB-ri aurre egiteko Europa berri bat eratu nahi zutenean3.

MRW izenekoak erreferentzia nagusi batzuk eman ditu:

(a) Benjamin Schwarz-en artikulu bat4

(b) 1942ri dagokion albiste oso interesgarri bat5

(c) Bernard Bruneteau-ren liburuaren berri6

(d) Alain Parguez-en testigantza7, Italian 2012ko otsailean

Parguez-ek lan egin zuen Mitterand-ekin, beraz bazekien zertan ari ziren Frantziako eliteak une hartan.

Dr. Alain Parquez-ek Italian, 2012an emandako hitzaldian, aipatzen ditu Europar Batasunaren eraketan egon ziren asmoak, helburuak eta abar luzetxoa.

The Birth of the European Central Bank: Its Real Agenda izeneko konferentzian eman zuen hitzaldia: benetan gogorra eta adierazgarria.

Hona hemen hitzaldi horren punturik garrantzitsuenak8:

(i) Lotsatuta nago frantziarra izateaz9

(ii) Demokraziaren aurka aspalditik planifikatutako proiektu bat da, proiektu totalitario bat10

(iii) Istorio tragiko bat, euroa munstro bat da11

(iv) First things first, hasiera hasieratik entzundakoa12

(v) Batasun monetarioa?13

(vi) Zer ote da euroa?14

(vii) Hitzaldiaren hiru parte: lehen partea15

(viii) Bigarren partea16

(ix) Hirugarren partea17

(x) Beraz, zer esan euroari buruz?18

(xi) Estatua desagertu behar zen, abolitu behar zuten19

(xii) Maastricht-eko Akordioa20

(xii) Isilpeko komisioko eztabaidak21

(xiii) François Mitterand-en ondoan egon nintzen, gezurrak nonahi22. Pribatizazioa23

(xiv) Banku gaixoak24

(xv) EBZ eta bankuak: Eurexit, irtenbide bakarra25

(xvi) Zer dago funtsean? Gezurrezko mundua!26

(xvii) Dolarrak Saudi Arabia eta Txinatik?27 Eta euroa?

(xviii) Aukera bakarra: Eurexit28

(Zabaldu arren)


2 Ingelesez: “As this newspaper first reported when the treasure became available, one memorandum dated July 26, 1950, reveals a campaign to promote a full-fledged European parliament. It is signed by Gen William J Donovan, head of the American wartime Office of Strategic Services, precursor of the Central Inteligence Agency. 

The key CIA front was the American Committee for a United Europe (ACUE), chaired by Donovan. Another document shows that it provided 53.5 per cent of the European movement’s funds in 1958. The board included Walter Bedell Smith and Allen Dulles, CIA directors in the Fifties, and a caste of ex-OSS officials who moved in and out of the CIA.”

3 Aipatutako eztabaidan, hona etsenplu bat:”John said…

The EU was created by European elites and the US elites for different reasons. The European elites, having seen the destruction of their empires, wanted to create a bloc to rival the US hegemon. The US elites (specifically the State Department but also international political economy minded politicians) wanted a bloc, like NATO, that would be able to keep the Russians out, the Germans down and the Americans in. For the US, this American controlled bloc would also be able to buy US goods, thus keeping the US economy humming along.

History is a funny bugger and the European elites desire to rival the US has not been realised. The American elites desire of keeping Germany down has not been realised, but in all other respects the US agenda for Europe has pretty much been realised. The US not only had cleverer politicians and planners back then but also did not have to contend with a dysfunctional Congress and a Republican party that is mentally insane. April 29, 2016

4 Ingelesez: Benjamin Schwarz wrote a fabulous op-ed about it in the Los Angeles Times. Unfortunately, the LAT was under a paywall then, so few ever saw it. I suggest everyone read it and keep a copy. It’s short.
A Serious Case of Mistaken Identity
The U.S. is not the ‘indispensable nation,’ as a growing WWII mythology would suggest.

June 22, 2000|BENJAMIN SCHWARZ | Benjamin Schwarz is the literary editor of the Atlantic Monthly
http://articles.latimes.com/2000/jun/22/local/me-43656. “

5 Ingelesez: MRW said... (…)

The Euro was created in 1942 by the great French economist, Francois Perroux. It was designed as the currency that was intended to impoverish the “southern and eastern European countries” when Hitler won WWII, as was assumed then, by removing their sovereign currencies and locking them under a ‘supra-gold standard’ that Germany controlled. Perroux was a darling under the Pétain government. He acted out of French pride to be sure that France and Germany would be united in the new regime.

Hitler intended to create a united Europe after he won, and the Euro was to be the new currency. April 29, 2016

6 Ingelesez: “MRW said…

French historian Bernard Bruneteau wrote L’Europe nouvelle de Hitler. Une illusion des intellectuels de la France de Vichy in 2003. Never translated into English.

He is one of several French historians who are addressing this. Guess Evans-Pritchard doesn’t speak French. April 29, 2016

7 Ingelesez: “MRW said…

ngelesez: “MRW said…

Evans-Pritchard definitely did not do his homework. April 29, 2016

MRW said…

What’s really fascinating to me is that once you understand MMT, what Parguez says makes perfect sense and so does Mosler’s explanation of the EU. I don’t think the Americans attending the Rimini Conference understood the import of what Parguez was saying because they couldn’t understand him. But his talk was mother-fucking explosive, imo. April 29, 2016″

MRW said…

(…) There is a critical part when he talks about the Euro being the blueprint.

MRW said…

Not an accurate transcription:
http://mediaroots.org/alain-parquez-at-mmt-summit-2012/

MRW said…

(…), check this
https://kpfa.org/program/guns-and-butter/page/20/

April 29, 2016

8 Ikus Economist Dr. Alain Parquez at Italian MMT Summit 2012: http://mediaroots.org/alain-parquez-at-mmt-summit-2012/.

9 Ingelesez: Yes, when I look at this audience, I am ashamed to be French because such an event would be impossible in my own country for two reasons.  The government would have tried to forbid it.  And the economy and society is in such a state of total disaster that people, even young people, are completely despaired.  So, again, Italians are the sole hope of Europe. [Applause]

10 Ingelesez: “Contrary to what happens in France, you try to fight the total coup d’état which has been planned a very long time ago, and enshrined into the European monetary union.  I shall try to explain that the so-called ‘sovereign crisis’ of sovereign debt is a lie. [Applause]  But it has been carefully planned by those who build the European system.  What they had in mind was the creation of a new totalitarian social order destroying democracy, all kind of social legislation.  And now the new treaty imposed by our French president, who makes Berlusconi a saint, deprived the states of any kind of sovereignty, imposed permanent deflation.  So, yes, my colleague was right [reaching over to UMKC Professor W.K. Black, seated to his left].  You are what the European ruling-class is afraid ofmobilisation of the people.  They want to rule by fear and ignorance.  And, at least, thanks to Paolo and thanks to you, there is hope that fear and ignorance will defeat what should be deemed techno-fascism, which is the existing tradition of the European monetary union.  So, thank you and hail Italy. [Applause]”

11 Ingelesez: ““Well, I am here to speak of a very dark and tragic story.  You already understood that the euro is a monster, contradicting all the rules of both modern money, modern economy.  So, the problem is why is such an absurd system exists at all.  I was told that in your country, like in mine, some people believe that if we get rid of the euro, Italy or France should be back to the state of the poorest part of Africa—Zimbabwe.  But the real economy in the Eurozone is already in the state of Zimbabwe. For instance, some short data on France because the French invented and imposed the Eurosystem a very long time ago. In France, the true amount of unemployment is around 60% of the active people, which is obviously enormous.And we have a true rate of inflation of 7% or 8%. So, we don’t have full employment and we don’t have price stability. It means that all official data in Europe are lies.

12 Ingelesez: So, I shall start my true speech by a quotation from the Chief Executive of the French Ministry of Finance—by the way, is a monk of the Order of Santo Benedict and the Chief of the French Opus Dei; and by the way the European Commission is entirely controlled, like the French government, by the Opus Dei.  So, I try to discuss with him.  He told me, ‘Yes!  The French economy is dead, but not enough.’  He told me, ‘Professor, you should understand why the European system exists. What we want is to destroy, forever, the people. We want, forever, to create a new kind of European people, accepting sufferance, poverty, which could accept wages lower than in China. And it will be the core of my intervention.

13 Ingelesez: The Eurosystem was never planned to be a monetary union.  It was not even planned as a neoliberal agenda.  The neoliberal economics, American style, was and is still completely ignored by the ruling European elite.  What you think that even for the leader of the French Socialist Party, President Obama is a Marxist.”

14 Ingelesez: So, what is the euro?  A new totalitarian social order, which was planned a long time ago in the interwar period and completed by the regime of François Mitterrand In the new order, there will be no more sovereign state. The state has to vanish, at least the state rooted into democracy, parliament, republic. In the new order, power should be entirely transferred to those who deserve it, which means some elite capitalist class technocrats enjoying absolute power of control.

15 Ingelesez: “And, in the first part of my interventions, I shall try briefly to explain the story of the planning of the European monetary union. It started in the interwar period in the most reactionary, traditionalist, part of the French ruling-class with some support from an Italian philosopher, Julius Evola, the very one who accused Mussolini of being too soft to the people and who accused Adolf Hitler of being too soft on poor people.” 

16 Ingelesez: “In a second part, I shall try to explain that the so-called sovereign debt crisis is obviously an event who never happened in historyBut such a crisis has been carefully planned by the architects of the European system.  What they had in mind was to privatise the state. And since they believed that the state, at least the state with democracy was always wasting real wealth. It’s obvious that the state being forced to borrow money, the state debt should be looked at as bad debts and, thereby, the state should be completely enslaved to the so-called bonds market, which is exactly what is happening now.”

17 Ingelesez: In [the] last part, I shall try to prove that there is not the least way of amending the system because as a social order it has its logic. And those who control the system will never accept any kind of change, especially, any kind of intervention of the European Central Bank. Only, indeed, if those interventions aim at increasing the banks’ wealth. So, the sole possibility of saving the European society is to get rid of that system.  The private sector, capitalist sector, in Europe is now dead. To quote Michael Hudson, [few public] leaders of the capitalist sector are no more interested into the real economy. They are rentiers.’ So, European capitalism is dying. [Gross Domestic Product] is for five or six years, in France, minus 3% or 4% a year.

18 Ingelesez: As for the euro, it’s as I wrote, thanks to an invitation by my colleague Stephanie Kelton, a long time ago, on false money, I wrote an articleFalse Money Against the Real Economy’ (http://college.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume25/V25N1P63_76.pdf). And, indeed, it destroyed the real economy.  But first let us, briefly, explain the origin of such an absurd system. There are two stages into the planning of the Eurosystem. The first in the interwar period and during 1940-1943. And the second stage, the achievement of the system was, I must say, the masterwork of the regime of François Mitterrand.  So, we start in the mid-‘30s with people like Schuman, Jean Monnet. Schuman wrote that in 1927 we need to create Europe as a new order rooted into tradition saving Europe from decadence.  Decadence for the poor Europeans means socialism, revolution, Protestants, Jews, Marxism, free access to health and education, abortions, homosexuality, etcetera, etcetera.”

19 Ingelesez: “And which is extremely interesting, for the early poor Europeans, what they wished was a system completely opposed to the United States society they hated. And the European elite was more hating the United States society of consumption, shopping malls, than they hated USSR. And now it is exactly the same.  So, what was required to build Europe, to abolish the state, to force a permanent deflation by squeezing and squeezing public expenditures. It could help to transfer the power to a super-class of technocrats on a supranational scale. But for those early Europeans, what meaned Europe? It mean a condominium between France/Germany and a colonial empire, including Southern Europe and Eastern Europe. They were absolutely explicit on this problem.

But how could we suppress the state? By depriving the State of any power on money. All of them were fanatical followers of Friedrich Hayek, the most right-wing Austrian economist of that time. So, Europe should rely on a supranational currency, entirely controlled by a sovereign central bank enjoying absolute power to ration the state. Indeed, there, finally, what they wished was to impose a future European currency, as a super-gold standard.”

20 Ingelesez: “… as a super-gold standard—of the Treaty of Maastricht, was written by a French economist François Perroux in 1943 with the full support of a treaty passed between the [white] government and the French [Ponant] regime of that time. And the new treaty, which has been decided by President Sarkozy and Madame Merkel, is exactly the blueprint of François Perroux 1943

Those people were against the traditional gold standard because they believed that the gold standard had not allowed a total abolition of the power of the state to spend. So, Europe should be a super-gold standard. So, it was a first stage.  But, for some time, the European project was maybe in the backwards because all of his supporters were more Hitlerian than Adolf Hitler himself.

So, we had to wait. The regime of Francois Mitterrand, I could speak on this question because I had been conscripted by the Chief Advisor of Francois Mitterrand, who by the way was a fanatical right-winger hating the modern world, hating the United States, a monarchist, who said, ‘I hate the poor.So, Jacques Attali was, de facto, the Prime Minister of France. And Attali was in charge with a lot of former Marxists, turned to supporters of the new regime, of drafting a more sustainable version of the Eurosystem.  But they had in mind the same vision: We must destroy shopping malls, consumption.  Shopping malls were, for them, a pure infamy. People should accept to be poor.”

21 Ingelesez: “I remember debates at the secret commission who was in charge of the campaign of Mitterrand. Mitterrand had to win the support of the then-Parti Communiste. France had a communist party; now, no more. So, I was charged to write some modest [condition]; I would say modern money programme. But Attali was asked by those who funded [the] Mitterrand campaign. And who [were] the major funders? The Chase Manhattan Bank and two other American banks. But we never gave you money to get a programme of full employment. Attali said, I have the commitment of our dear future president, as soon as we could, we will destroy, we will cut, we will deflate the economy. Real wages will collapse. And what we have in mind is a total collapse of the share of labour income in the French society. And how to get that?  By the Treaty of Maastricht and the creation of the Eurosystem.

22 Ingelesez: “I shall end this intervention by emphasising, first, the lies. It happened that I was quiet close to François Mitterrand. He was some long time ago, some boyfriend of my mother before the war. My mother told me, François lies so well that he could believe that he is for the people. So, Francois Mitterrand during the sole debate on the Treaty of Maastricht dared to say, answering a question from a student, I can swear there is not the least independent central bank in the Treaty of Maastricht.

23 Ingelesez: The second point. The core principle of the European treaties was the privatisation of the state, was to oblige the state to borrow money by selling bonds to private banks. So, the state, like any corporation, but a corporation with a very pure reputation had to beg money to banks at the rates of interest decreed by banks. So, finally, the Treaty of Maastricht and the following Growth and Stability Pact, a very weird name.  The true name should have been Destruction and Instability Pact. So, the true world they had in mind was that, finally, the State will be completely enslaved to private banks. And, so, will be obliged to cut and cut and cut expenditures. And it is exactly what happened. And, finally, lies continue. To be brief, the share of state debt in the assets of major French/German banks is below 5%. Banks are losing money, not because of state debt, but because of the total collapse of the real economy.”

24 Ingelesez. “… I am horrified when people say, Oh, poor banks. The Greek government lied.  But it is absurd; everybody was aware of the true state of the Greek economy. 90% of the Greek debt is held, like the Italian, by French and German banks. So, everybody knew. And, by the way, what is happening now sought to the new treaty is—if it is, indeed, finally endorsed—a total abdication of states, of fiscal policy, and any kind of social policy. And, indeed, the dream of the new order will be achieved. 

So, now, the problem of rulers of the system is how to maintain the control of society; of this, they are afraid because there is no debate. Official economists in Germany, France, most European countries, are completely corrupt. If I dare say, they are official prostitutes financed by grants of institutions; so, they never debate the infamy and collapse of European system. Thank you. [Applause]”

25 Ingelesez: You see, let me allow, for a while, [to differentiate] the European Central Bank and banks because, ultimately, who has created the ECB? Who is imposing the European Central Bank policy? The states themselves. Even if the European Central Bank decided to finance state expenditures, the French Government and the German Government will say no. They absolutely are rejecting any kind of policy of saving the economy. Everybody knows that.

First, the European Central Bank is a weak oligarchy of 17 central banks de facto ruled by the French Central Bank and by the German Central Bank. But everybody also knows that the central banks of France and Germany never do anything without the full advice, consent, and support of the new axis ruling in Europe—Paris/Berlin. Thereby, it is exactly the same for banks; governments from France and Germany imposed policies of detritions all over Europe.  And now the economy is in such a state of disaster that we need an enormous increase in expenditures. So, it is much more than a job guarantee programme when the majority of the population is forever unemployed. So, my solution is let us support any movement to get rid of the euro. There is no other way. Give back full monetary sovereignty to the states. [Applause]”

26 Ingelesez: “… I do think that what is at stake is to impose a change of politics, people accepting—as learned audience—are living in a world of lies. And you are absolutely right; the share of labour income, including pensions in France/Germany is at its lowest level since the interwar period or the Nazi period. In France, in the span of 20 years, the share of labour income collapsed by at least 30% or 40% percent. And, yes, more and more people are committing suicide in France because of labour conditions. People who are still employed are living in firms who are more and more acting as some kind of Soviet forced-labour concentration [camp]. Never have people been so productive. The productivity in France/Germany [and] is in Italy, one of the highest in the world. But, at the same time, real wages collapsed and people are not aware of this scandal.

But now, in most parts of France, the shopping malls are empty. A large part of the country is going back to some kind of middle age, an [item] for Germany. And this is a scandal, [of which] we must try to make the people know the truth, to oblige the media to reveal the true situation. Everybody knows that the euro is grossly over-and-over-valued. The euro rate of exchange is maintained by a lot of artefacts, including permanent swaps with the Federal Reserve System.”

27 Ingelesez: And now, some thought of France and Germany to get an inflow of dollars from Saudi Arabia and even China. So, the real value of the euro is absolutely nothing. After all, Italy, like France, always survived and prospered in a global environment. Without the euro, Italy was a highly competitive country, (…). And, so, if I could assure you that Stephanie [Kelton] was right, the euro can’t survive, only if Italy decides to remain in the system. All major banks in France and Germany are already trying to compute the effect of the end of the euro system. It is a dying system. So, the effect could be a benefit for Italy if it retains its monetary sovereignty, reconstruct the economy.”

28 Ingelesez:The very option of the United States of Europe had been rejected since the start because those who intended to abolish the state at the national level did not intend to create a state at the European level. We’ve reached a state of the society where the sole option is to leave the system. And, by the way, banks do not want to be reimbursed. It is a point I should address more. The French and the Germans created a system, installing some kind of eternal debt for European people. What banks want is income. And if Italy decided to leave the Euro, the system would collapse. The real value of the euro is nothing. And it is a fact that France and Germany, and mainly the French, are afraid of this point.”

Warren Mosler Italian, 2016ko apirilaren29an

Mosler Bergamoko Unibertsitatean, apirilaren 29an

Rete MMT ‏@retemmt

Warren Mosler rivolto al tavolo “io conosco bene sistema bancario. Io e attivisti #MMT siamo qui per aiutarvi”

Rete MMT@retemmt

#Mosler “ho spiegato a #Varoufakis di come non avere paura di minaccia #BCE chiusura banche greche”.

Rete MMT ‎@retemmt

Questa slide sintetizza la salvezza dell’Italia #PianoB #5punti #Mosler #Forumdelleprospettive

Visualizza l'immagine su Twitter

Rete MMT@retemmt

#Mosler “Italia deve avere credibile piano B per costringere UE a far aumentare deficit se no fate fine #Grecia che non l’aveva. Ecco quale”

Rete MMT@retemmt

#Mosler#deficit è come termostato termosifone. Se c’è freddo (disoccupazione) aumenti deficit” #Forumdelleprospettive diretta

Rete MMT@retemmt

#Mosler “quando Draghi ha dichiarato che avrebbe fatto qualsiasi cosa x salvare € era chiaro che era tema politico”

Rete MMT@retemmt

# Mosler oggi tutti hanno un fraintendimento, pensano che prima ci sia tassazione solo dopo spesa pubblica. No, non funziona così

Rete MMT@retemmt

#Mosler “deficit pubblico è collegato a risparmio privato” #Forumdelleprospettive in diretta

Rete MMT@retemmt

#Mosler partiamo da un concetto base. “Disoccupazione è causata da mancati consumi” #Forumdelleprospettive diretta

Rete MMT@retemmt

#Mosler “siamo fortunati nel mondo ad avere giovani che combattono per economia diversa” #noi #Forumdelleprospettive

Rete MMT@retemmt

Warren #Mosler è arrivato. Con lui Skender attivista #MMT dall’Austria #Forumdelleprospettive

Rete MMT@retemmt api. 28

Domani @wbmosler #MMT al #Forumdelleprospettive economiche,politiche e sociali. Bergamo dalle h15 diretta twitter


Paul Krugman eta Hyman Minsky: Randall Wray, Stephanie Kelton eta Warren Molser

Hasiera:

R. Wray eta Krugman

Randall Wray-ek Paul Krugman-i buruz

W. Mosler eta Krugman

Paul Krugman eta Warren Mosler

Paul Krugman eta Warren Mosler (Who is Who?)

Paul Krugman eta Warren Mosler, zorrari buruz

Mosler eta neokeynestarrak

DTM eta Krugman

Krugman: 15 urte igaro ondoren

Segida:

Hona twitter batzuk:

Stephanie Kelton ‏@StephanieKelton

From his latest book. Wray on Krugman on Minsky. http://www.amazon.com/Why-Minsky-Matters-Introduction-Economist-ebook/dp/B00XNZA8CO …

2016 api. 27

Stephanie Kelton ‏@StephanieKelton api. 27

Globalizazioa ala neoliberalismoa?

Hasteko, ikus:

TTIP delakoaz hitz bi: nahikoa eta sobera

To TTIP or not to TTIP?

Ezker/eskuin

Ezkerraz, beste behin…

Nazio-estatua ezina omen da

Globalizazioa eta neoliberalismoa

Globalizazioa eta moneta antolamenduak

Nazioarteko erakundeak eta gobernuaz jabetzea

Defiziten afera gobernuak moneta jaulkitzaileak direnean

Segida:

Bill Mitchell-en artikulua: The Left confuses globalisation with neo-liberalism and gets lost1.

(a) Hasierako W. Münchau-ren artikulu bat eta globalizazioaren eta neoliberalismoaren arteko nahasketa2

(b) Kontua hauxe da: globalizazioa ez da arazoa, neoliberalismoa baizik3

(c) Gogoratu Marx eta Engels eta berorien Manifestu Komunista (1848)4

(d) Therborn eta globalizazioa: 1970eko finantza afera, estatuaren boterea eta Ezkerra noraezean5

(e) Prozesua: kapital kontroletatik pribatizaziora eta gero neoliberalismo hutsera6

(f) Neoliberalismoa nonahi agertu da7

(h) Bien bitartean Ezkerra galduta egon da eta horretan segitzen du8

(i) Neoliberalismoaren aurka jo barik, post-modernismoaren hitz jario azaldu zen plazara9

(j) Globalizazioa eta gu: gauzak argi10

Baina, adi!, Mitchell-ek dioenez11, afera beste leku batean dago: Ezkerrean12:

The Left is going nowhere

but

We can have our iPhones and full employment!

Gehigarriak:

Europa munduan: Europa Munduan (power point)

Bideragarria ote da euskal estatu independentea?

(Zabaldu arren)


2 Mitchell-en hitzez: “Financial Times journalist Wolfgang Münchau’s article (April 24, 2016) – The revenge of globalisation’s losers – rehearses a common theme, and one which those on the Left have become intoxicated with (not implicating the journalist among them). The problem is that the basic tenet is incorrect and by failing to separate the process of globalisation (integrated multinational supply chains and global capital flows) from what we might call economic neo-liberalism, the Left leave themselves exposed and too ready to accept notions that the capacity of the state has become compromised and economic policy is constrained by global capital.

3 Ingelesez: “Globalisation is a multi-faceted development that spatially reorganises economic activity (if allowed) and has, to some extent been part of social developments for as long as we have records.Göran Therborn wrote (2000: 153) that:

Like so many concepts in social science and historiography, ‘globalization’ is a word of lay language and everyday usage with variable shades of meaning and many connotations.

He tries to tie down a definition to give the concept meaning and concludes that globalization refers:

to tendencies to a world-wide reach, impact, or connectedness of social phenomenon or to a world-encompassing awareness among social actors.

So in that context, you and I are participating in a globalised social process – me writing to an international audience and connecting ideas with people all around the globe.

4 Ingelesez:Interestingly, in the – Communist Manifesto (1848) – Marx and Engels discuss the way that discoveries of new lands (America, Rounding the Cape, etc) “opened up fresh ground for the rising bourgeoisie”.
T
hey wrote:

The bourgeoisie has through its exploitation of the world market given a cosmopolitan character to production and consumption in every country. To the great chagrin of Reactionists, it has drawn from under the feet of industry the national ground on which it stood. All old-established national industries have been destroyed or are daily being destroyed. They are dislodged by new industries, whose introduction becomes a life and death question for all civilised nations, by industries that no longer work up indigenous raw material, but raw material drawn from the remotest zones; industries whose products are consumed, not only at home, but in every quarter of the globe. In place of the old wants, satisfied by the production of the country, we find new wants, requiring for their satisfaction the products of distant lands and climes. In place of the old local and national seclusion and self-sufficiency, we have intercourse in every direction, universal inter-dependence of nations. And as in material, so also in intellectual production. The intellectual creations of individual nations become common property. National one-sidedness and narrow-mindedness become more and more impossible, and from the numerous national and local literatures, there arises a world literature.

So the search for new markets and new ways of organising production is not new and has been going on for centuries.

The important point is that the way that these global developments manifest is, in now small part, influenced by the political developments that accompany them in time.

5 Ingelesez: “Therborn delineates six stages of globalisation starting back with the spread of religious ideas in the C4th AD.

He considers that we are now in the 6th stage “in which the politico-military dynamic of the Cold War has been overtaken by a mainly financial-cum-cultural one. This took off in the second half of the 1980s with the enormous expansion of foreign currency trading after the breakdown … of the international Bretton Woods currency system, followed by the trading of derivatives and other new instruments of high-level gambling” (p.163).

[Reference: Therborn, G. (2000) ‘Globalizations: Dimensions, Historical Waves, Regional Effects, Normative Governance’, International Sociology, 15(2), pp. 151-179

Certainly in the early 1970s, governments became financially unconstrained and floated their exchange rates, which freed their central banks from engaging in official foreign exchange market intervention.

But at the same time a major ideological shift occurred, (…) the way the Left has been duped into believing that ‘globalisation’ has evaporated the power of the state.

As the organisation of production was shifting globally, the scourge of right-wing ‘free market’ thinking began to win the battle of ideas. (…)

Whatever we want to call the emergence – and I use the term neo-liberal now although in the late 1960s it might have been called Monetarism – the genus that started out with a focus on the money supply as a narrative to oppose discretionary fiscal and monetary interventions by the state – has broaded out over the ensuing period to become a full-scale attack on the capacity of the state to influence economic outcomes, apart from those that benefit the top-end-of-town.

6Ingelesez: “So we first saw the debates about capital controls and the demands by Wall Street to abandon them so that new markets could emerge. Industrial capital demanded the abolition of tariffs unless they were to their advantage.

And then we saw the wave of privatisations to shift wealth and income-generating capacity to the private elites. That was accompanied by the destruction of national state monopolies in the big essential industries and user-pays principles for other state-provision.

And as this process of neo-liberalism has unfolded, more and more demands are made by international capital with the TPPs-type arrangements being the latest wave.

The idea that state intervention into market activity should be reduced to a bare minimum is now the dominant mantra. But that has nothing to do with globalisation per se. It interacts with globalisation but is separate and separable.

To reinforce the ‘free market’ ideology (which is nothing to do with free markets anyway as outlined in the mainstream textbooks that are used as authorities to justify the demands), the elites knew they had to penetrate the state decision-making processes.

7 Ingelesez: “As David Harvey (2006: 145) notes:

the advocates for the neoliberal way now occupy positions of considerable influence in education (the universities and many ‘think tanks’), in the media, in corporate boardrooms and financial institutions, in key state institutions (treasury departments, the central banks) and also in those international institutions such as the IMF and the WTO that regulate global finance and trade. Neo-liberalism has, in short, become hegemonic as a mode of discourse, and has pervasive effects on ways of thought and political-economic practices to the point where it has become incorporated into the common-sense way we interpret, live in and understand the world.

[Reference: Harvey, D. (2005) ‘Neoliberalism as Creative Destruction’, Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 88(2) 145-158.]

So, the neo-liberals knew what the capacity of the state was – well and truly – and have tried to take over the state!

8I ngelesez: “Meanwhile, during the period that nations were becoming free of the restrictions imposed on them by the Bretton Woods system, the Left became besotted with notions that the deep crisis that accompanies the massive OPEC oil price hikes was to be found in the lack of taxing capacity of governments.

They failed to understand that with fiat currencies, sovereign governments were no longer revenue constrained because it is the monopoly issuer of the currency. They didn’t have to issue debt any longer and the role of taxation was not to raise revenue but to give the government ‘fiscal space’ in which to spend.

The situation became worse when the ‘Left’ – at both the political and intellectual levels – started incorporating the increasing global nature of finance and production-supply chains into their analysis. They wrongly assumed that these trends further undermined the capacity of states to spend and maintain full employment.

The ‘fiscal crisis of the state’ and ‘globalisation’ were held out as the two major impediments to state sovereignty. Nothing could have been further from the truth.

But this mythology progressive became the perceived ‘wisdom’ of the Left in the 1970s and the neo-liberal resurgence as Monetarism, then privatisation and austerity, became virtually unchallenged as the ‘Left’ became lost in various post-modern debates that amounted to nothing important at all.”

9Ingelesez: “Academic journals publishing so-called ‘progressive’ material became overwhelmed with all sorts of post modern deconstructions of this and that, while the main game, the macroeconomics debate was lost – in a no contest.

Despite being eulogised by the Left, the only contribution that key left-wing academics such as James O’Connor made in the 1970s were negativeteaching the Left that the government was financially constrained and could not run continuous deficits because it would run out of money.

10 Ingelesez: “There is no question that if we hadn’t been so complacent and ready to be bought off by mass consumerism, the neoliberalisation could have been stopped even as the processes of globalisation continued.

There is no doubt that the big international companies prefer a free run across national borders as they do their utmost to coopt governments in their favour.”

11 Ingelesez: “But last time I looked, the likes of Coca-Cola and Apple did not have assembled armies.

Last time I looked, companies like Microsoft were brought to heel by judicial processes applying national laws.

Last time I looked, companies like BHP Billiton had to pay huge fines after being found guilty of corruption within a national border (Source).

We could list countless examples.

The point that Wolfgang Münchau makes about people becoming polarised because the promises of their politicians are not coming to fruition is valid.”

12 Ingelesez: But the problem is not the global trends in supply chains etc. Rather it is that their elected representatives have become co-opted by neo-liberal elites who fully understand that state power can be skewed to work in their favour and deprive a vast majority of citizens of the benefits of such global economic activity.

But until we abandon democracy (voting out governments), we have power if we choose to use it. We can force changes in the political system so that it works more for us and not the top-end-of-town.

Perhaps the anger now being unleashed is a start of that fightback.

The problem is that the Left is not leading the charge. It is leaving that to the crazy popularists while it crafts ever more ridiculous arguments to justify ‘austerity lite’ type policies to make them look responsible.

The reference group they seek to appeal to though is the neo-liberal elites – which means the Left is going nowhere.

Pavlina Tcherneva lan bermeaz (job guarantee)

Hasiera:

Felix Salmon@felixsalmon

A rousing defense of the universal basic income from @rcbregman: Why free money beats bullshit jobs

http://fusion.net/story/288907/why-free-money-beats-bullshit-jobs/

2016 api. 26

Warren B. Mosler@wbmosler

@felixsalmon @rcbregman @ThisIsFusion Entirely misses the macro points regarding taxation, spending, and currency valuation.

2016 api. 26

Lan bermeaz hitz batzuk:

Tcherneva-ren lana: Why Bernie Sanders Should Add a Job Guarantee to His Policy Agenda1.

Hona hemen artikuluan ukitutako punturik garrantzitsuenak:

(a) Bideoa, “The Job Guarantee” featuring Pavlina Tcherneva: Job Guarantee

(b) Lan bermearen garaia iritsi da2

(c) Hona hemen lan bermeaz jakin behar dena: lan bermea ez da gobernu handia3

Izan ere,

(i) Lan bermeak langabezia bermatzen du4

(ii) Lan bermea programa prebentiboa da, ez soilik sendabide bat5

(iii) Lan bermeak errenta banaketaren behealdean ziklo zoroa apurtzen du6

(iv) Lan bermeak familia pobre eta erdikoentzako aukera ekonomikoak aldatzen ditu7

(v) Lan bermeak errenta desberdintasunari aurre egiten dio8

(vi) Lan bermea segurtasun-sare sozialetik falta den pieza da9

(d) Behar diren lan publiko asko kontra-ziklokoko erreminta traketsak dira eta ez dituzte guztientzako lanpostuak hornitzen10

(e) Gauza gehiago egin behar dugu, gauzak egiteko daukagun jendea baino11

(f) Bernie Sanders-en ereduaz12

(g) Link gehigarri batzuk

(i) Lan bermearen azalpenerako: see here, here, here and here

(ii) Ez-mozkineko enpresetan eta enpresa sozialetan lortutakoaz haratago joateko: see here and here

(iii) Lan bermea eta emakume pobreez: see here and here

(iv) Lan bermea eta arraza-injustizia eta desberdintasunaz: see here and here

(v) Lan bermea eta lanpostu berdeko markoaz: see here

(vi) Lan bermea eta haur pobreziaz: see here

(vii) Lan bermea eta oinarrizko errentaren diru-laguntzaren promesa soilaz13: see here and here

(viii) Lan bermea eta gazteriaz: (I call it YESYouth Employment Security)

(ix) Ohiko metodoen porrotaz: see here and here

(x) Lan bermea eta sektore pribatuko hobetzea: see here


2 Ingelesez: “The Job Guarantee’s time has come. It secures a basic human right. It tackles at least three key sources of “economic violence and injustice”—unemployment, precarious work, and poverty wages. It is good for families, the economy, the environment, and our communities.”

3 Ingelesez: “THE JOB GUARANTEE IS NOT BIG GOVERNMENT

A common misconception of the JG is that it is a large and unpredictable program, echoed by Matt Bruenig in a recent post:

The size of the workforce on the JG will greatly differ across the business cycle … Because the JG workforce should theoretically turn over a lot and shrink a lot, work valuable over the long run is ruled out.”

The concern is that the JG (aka the ELR) will be a very large and volatile, difficult to administer, not only because it has to handle many millions of unemployed people at any given time, but also because it needs to go through very large swings (trying to create millions of new jobs in recessions for the jobless, but being unable to complete its projects as these millions of people go back to private sector in expansions). This is largely incorrect.

4 Ingelesez: “JG stabilizes employment

Yes, the JG will fluctuate—it will grow in recessions and shrink in expansions. But a permanent JG will be relatively small and will oscillate comparatively little, because it stabilizes economic conditions, private spending, profit expectations and, importantly, employment. The amplitudes of the economic volatility we observe today will be much smaller, precisely because the JG tackles all the vile consequences of mass unemployment (on private sector spending and expectations, and on people and communities). The JG is also good for the private sector and ensures more stable and plentiful private sector employment, because it guarantees that domestic demand never collapses as much as it does today with mass unemployment.

5 Ingelesez: “JG is a preventative program, not just a cure

Unemployment is like a virus, it spreads through the economy if nothing is done to check it. And the best ‘cure’ for someone who wants a job—is a job, not a handout. But the JG is not just a cure. It’s also prevention.

Every unemployed person today puts another one out of work, but the Job Guarantee reverses the process: employing one person creates work for another.

Today, 20 million people want decent work at decent pay. If we launched a JG now it would surely balloon quickly, which is why Sanders’ proposal for creating 13 million jobs is the only program that guarantees a rapid return to true full employment. But a permanent JG would not need to employ tens of millions of people (+/-), because mass unemployment becomes a thing of the past.

The JG will always be there to provide voluntary employment for a pool of people (small relative to today’s unemployment numbers)—who have difficulty finding private sector jobs or have been rendered ‘unnecessary’ by private firms. It’s one thing to support a family on an unemployment insurance check, and a whole different thing to replace lost private sector income with a living wage income from the JG in a job that does something useful (more below). In this sense, the livelihood of those participants is not disrupted as much as with unemployment, and does not cause the large ripple effect of layoffs through the economy we see today due to collapsing demand.

In other words, it is easier to prevent the development of mass unemployment, than to eliminate it once it has developed.”

6 Ingelesez: “JG breaks the vicious cycle at the bottom of the income distribution

As I have written before, people from different social stations experience different employment situations—the highly-skilled and highly-educated face virtually no unemployment, or relatively short stretches of joblessness. They are hired first and fired last. But even when they are unemployed, their safety net is much stronger because of more generous employment benefits, severance packages, savings and other sources of wealth.

But for those at the bottom of the income distribution, life is very different—precarious income and employment, longer periods of unemployment, shorter job tenure, and fewer prospects for accumulating wealth or building a nest egg. The vicious employment cycle is fired first-hired last. The JG by design captures those who are most vulnerable.

7 Ingelesez: “The JG changes the economic odds for poor and middle class families

Imagine two candidates applying for a job: one has 9 months of experience in a JG soil renewal of reforestation project and the other – 9 months of unemployment. Which applicant would the prospective employer hire? Chances are – the one with the job. And indeed, research shows that, employers consider 9 month of unemployment to be the same as 4 years of lost work experience.

JG changes these odds. It gives people a chance for better life by providing a choice to work in a meaningful public service project—something welfare checks are not able to do.

8 Ingelesez: “JG addresses income inequality and drives a stake through current power interests

Guaranteeing access to a living-wage job lifts incomes for the most vulnerable families in the economy – a key step to reversing income inequality in the US. And the threat of unemployment at the bottom of the income distribution is considerably weakened.

The JG redefines what kind of work is “useful”public stewardship, environmental renewal and sustainability, community development and, importantly, investment in people, are recognized as important and valuable tasks, worthy of public support.

The JG establishes a standard for a decent pay package. It’s like the minimum wage, only better—everyone gets it and more (what good is the minimum wage to an unemployed person?). Private firms must match that minimum standard and pay extra when they need to hire those workers.

But let’s have no illusions: ‘captains of industry’ will fight the program tooth and nail, as Kalecki warned and Roosevelt experienced. Yet FDR’s success (and that of Harry Hopkins, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Frances Perkins, among others) in improving labor market conditions through New Deal programs remains unmatched in our history.

The Job Guarantee is the next step in completing the Roosevelt revolution.”

9 Ingelesez: “JG is the missing piece from the social safety-net

In advanced economies, basic needs are generally solved by direct means:

When the problem is retirement income insecurity – we provide retirement income (e.g., social security).

When the problem is food insecurity – we provide food.

When the problem is homelessness – we provide housing.

But when the problem is joblessness, we do not provide employment. We provide a handout, a training program, a college loan – everything but an actual job. The Job Guarantee institutes an important component of the overall safety-net: a job safety-net.”

10 Ingelesez: “MUCH NEEDED PUBLIC WORKS ARE CLUMSY COUNTERCYCLICAL TOOLS AND DO NOT PROVIDE JOBS FOR ALL

The task before us is to provide a decent job at decent pay for everyone who wants one. Many progressives seem to think that conventional public works are better suited as countercyclical stabilizers or job creation policies. (…)

We either need to replace the Tappan Zee bridge or not. A high-speed rail system is either a good idea or not. Rain or shine, recession or expansion, the work has to be done. These projects cannot fluctuate because they are essential, strategic, and capital-intensive. They are much needed programs, but they are not cycle-stabilizing policies. And they cannot guarantee an employment opportunity to the last person who hasn’t found a decent paying job, but wants one. Only the Job Guarantee can.

But low capital intensity projects are in great shortage, can vary with the mood swings of the economy, and are not make-work.”

11 Ingelesez: “WE NEED TO GET MORE THINGS DONE THAN WE HAVE POPLE TO DO THEM

The private sector is simply not in the business of satisfying unmet basic needs or providing employment for everyone. But once most basic needs are met, will there be enough work for the JG participants to do? I’m convinced, yes. As Warren Mosler says, “There is no limit to the ways we can serve one another”.

My worry is that even if we mobilized everyone who wanted to work in a private and public initiative, there would still not be enough manpower to do all the things that we sorely need—especially concerning the environment.

Take the Hudson Valley for example where I live and work. The Hudson River and local parks and preserves are struggling with several invasive species (water chestnut and zebra mussel), fundamentally altering the ecology of the estuary and the natural habitat of the Valley. And while my community and friends, volunteers and non-profits, have been hard at work preserving and restoring the the Valley, one crucial thing is missing: large-scale funding and many, many more helping hands.

Learning to identify the invasive plants and removing them is mostly done by community members and school groups on volunteer basis. Other area projects include eel and herring monitoring, building hiking trails, cleaning parks, removing trash—all low-cost, tow-tech, and high-labor-intensity tasks that bring many environmental and social benefits. And they literally only require gloves, fishing nets, and rakes. The work is flexible and year-round.

And this is just one example that that can provide jobs to thousands of unemployed people from the entire Hudson Valley on ongoing basis for decades to come. (Elsewhere, I discuss how the JG can solve the “food desert” problem).

The neighboring city of Newburgh–once the jewel of modern technological achievement was the first electrified city in the United States, showcasing the glory that electrification would bring the nation and the world. (Electrification–the offspring of private ingenuity brought to our doorsteps courtesy of large scale government investment). Today Newburgh’s housing stock – a rare collection of historical architecture – is crumbling and needs to be restored and preserved. After years of neglect and severe austerity, the city is slowly turning a corner mostly because of impressive community revitalization efforts. But unemployment remains a pressing problem. What is needed? Large-scale funding and many, many more helping hands.

Most communities throughout the US can benefit from countless ongoing public service, environmental, after-school and care projects. And the unemployed need the restoration of their human worth.”

12 Ingelesez: “As Bernie Sanders’ himself put it in his 2011 8-hour Senate floor speech:

Human beings want to be productive… They want to be a part of something. They want to go to work, earn a paycheck, bring it home. You feel good about that.

Do you know what it does to somebody’s sense of human worth when suddenly you find yourself at home …[and] you can’t go out and earn a living. It destroys people… That’s what unemployment is about.”

Good intensions rarely stand in the way of good economic policies—but lack of conviction and political will do. When it comes to the Job Guarantee, we can also use a bit of imagination.

Sanders is already changing the conversation about what is politically possible. Adding the Job Guarantee to his issues will solidify his unapologetically bold and sorely needed progressive agenda.”

13 Halaber, ikus Tony Atkinson’s endorsement of the JG-participation income policy here.

Gordailu asegurua eurogunean

Hasiera:

(a) Deposit insurance1

Euroguneko marko berria ulertzeko urratsak:

(b) EBZ-k hartu nahi duen neurria: EBZ eta Alemania

(c) Gerla hasi da2

Izan ere, “Bundesbank chief puts question mark over European shield for savers.3

Beraz, alde batetik daukagu euroguneko herrialdez herrialdeko (hobe esanda, estatuz estatuko) nahaste-borrastea (patchwork), eta bestetik, Mosler-ek dioenez, krisiaren aurka azken 20 (hogei!) urteetan ekonomialari batzuek, oso jende gutxik, proposatutako erremedioa, alegia EBZ-k irtenbidea bere esku hartzea, hots, EBZ-k dauzkan erremintak erabiltzea, kasu, eurogunean gordailu komunekoa martxan jartzea.

Interesgarria benetan gure begien aurrean gertatzen ari dena!


1 Ikus https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deposit_insurance: Explicit deposit insurance is a measure implemented in many countries to protect bank depositors, in full or in part, from losses caused by a bank’s inability to pay its debts when due. Deposit insurance systems are one component of a financial system safety net that promotes financial stability.”

2 Ikus ECB pushes for saver protection, clashes with Germany over proposed scheme: http://www.theguildng.com/2014/business/ecb-pushes-for-saver-protection-clashes-with-germany-over-proposed-scheme/.

3 Ikus http://www.brecorder.com/business-a-finance/banking-a-finance/292639-bundesbank-chief-puts-question-mark-over-european-shield-for-savers.html: “The head of Germany’s Bundesbank has signalled that Germany won’t back a common deposit guarantee scheme for euro zone savers, saying that banks’ risks are still too entangled with their home countries. (…) Earlier in the week, the ECB had appealed for the introduction of common deposit protection. This would eventually replace the current country-by-country patchwork and help stop a repeat of the bank runs seen during the financial crisis.”

CUP: Quim Arrufat-ekiko elkarrizketa

Elkarrizketa: “We can provoke the implosion of the Spanish regime”: Interview with Catalan Quim Arrufat1

Hona hemen zenbait zipriztin.

Errepublika berriaz, Quim-ek:

We are trying to do a very complicated thing. To create a new republic, to make a democratic, open constitutional process. We are planning to win independence without the permission of the state which administers our land. So we’re talking a lot to the international community, but as a central point, mobilising people in our land in a democratic and peaceful manner. That’s something that has not happened before anywhere else. Through democratic, peaceful means, a quiet political movement, becoming independent without permission of the state.

Militantzia. Kataluniako CUP eta Eskoziako RISE:

No one in Cup can serve more than one term at a time. A maximum salary of 1,400 euros per month is imposed on all party workers and representatives, similar to the policy of the Scottish Socialist Party, and now electoral alliance Rise in Scotland.

[Comu Podem] taking no position on Catalan independence other than supporting a referendum…

Comu Podem delakoaz, Quim-ek:

It’s a new power elite seeking to substitute the old elite. When the Spanish election is decided, we’ll see which role they play. The choice will be between supporting a government of PP-Ciudadanos, or the possibility of a new republic. Which will they choose? Will they really say ‘At the front of the independence alliance are right-wing MPs, so we’ll defend the party of PP-C’?

Diruaz, Quim-ek:

There is a majority of leftist forces in Catalonia which could take power. But the Catalan government has no money. It cannot collect any tax. All the laws passed by this parliament in the past five years are in the constitutional court, suspended. So it has no legislative autonomy, no taxes, no money, an enormous debt, and austerity. What can a leftist government do with that?

One foot in the parliament, a thousand on the streets‘ slogan taken up by their Scottish counterparts, Rise, Quim-ek:

What we’re doing in parliament is only a small part of our activity. We have 200 social centres open every day in all the neighbourhoods – because we know there is this political opportunity this year.

Eta Euskal Herrian? Zertan ari gara? Laugarren karlistadan, oraindik ere?

Ez dut uste euskal gazteriak bide horretatik denbora luzerik emango duenik, zorionez!