Eskozia: bozketaren bezperan

Bihar E eguna gauzatuko da Eskozian, hots, funtsezko eta benetako erabaki eguna. Modu demokratiko batez Europako estatu batean, Britainia Handian, Eskoziarako sezesio aukera bat ikusiko dugu: autodeterminazio politikoa, independentzia helburu. Gaitz erdi!

Hona hemen E egun hori baino lehenago bildu ditudan zenbait berri:

North Sea oil: Facts and figures[1]

My Generation[2]

Scottish independence: World media suggests ‘domino effect’[3]

Daily question: What would happen to EU membership?[4]

Scottish independence: Day of ‘celebration’ not ‘reckoning’ says Salmond[5]

Tony Blair: Independence for Scotland ‘not sensible’[6]

In pictures: Scottish independence referendum campaign[7]

Salmond: ‘Referendum is once in a generation opportunity’[8]

Scottish independence: Crowd protests against ‘BBC bias’[9]

Scotland Should Declare Its Independence From Alex Salmond[10]

What the Scottish papers say[11]

Scottish independence: A tale of two financial centres[12]

Scottish independence: NUJ calls for end to journalist intimidation[13]

‘Merkel dirà a Rajoy que no faci el ximple amb Escòcia’[14]

Scottish independence: EU negotiations under way[15]

Bukatzeko, Syriza-ren hitzak:

RIC Welcome Support of SYRIZA for Yes Vote[16]

Ondoren, amaiera gisa, eman begirada bat ondoko bideoei, Radical Independence Campaigntaldekoek egindakoei, bereziki Cat Boyd-ek parte hartu dituenekoei.

Hona hemen tanta batzuk:

Yes Scotland Meeting Trade Unions for Independence Cat Boyd 16 Sept 2013[17]

Cat Boyd speaking on Independence, the Working Poor and the Unemployed[18]

Motherwell – 3/5 – Cat Boyd – Should Scotland be an Independent Country[19]

Cat Boyd from Radical Independence, speaking at Yes Aberdeen meeting, 28th August 2014[20]

YES Cat Boyd[21]

Cat Boyd[22]

RIC 2013 || Transformation || Cat Boyd[23]

ScotIndyPod 92 – Cat Boyd (made with Spreaker)[24]

Cat Boyd, Radical Independence[25]

Radical Independence Campaign – Cat Boyd[26]

Nahiko, aski.

Orain Eskoziarrek dute hitza eta erabakia.

Zorionak!

Blog honetan, behin eta berriz azaldu den moduan oso kritikoa izan naiz, eta banaiz, Eskoziak egin dituen hautu monetarioarekin eta, batez ere, hautu fiskalarekin, biak Britainia Handiaren esku utzirik, … baina, badaezpada ere, esan dezadan, berriz, ‘politikan’ ados nagoela YES delakoarekin, bereziki Radical Independence Campaign taldekoekin.

Hortaz, ozenki, laino guztien azpitik eta sasi guztiek gainetik:

Long live Scotland!

 

[1]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-26326117.

[2]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dbW_AT64m8E&app=desktop.

[3]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-29178438.

[4]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-29184664.

[5]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-29190302.

[6]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-29190400.

[7] Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-29191989.

[8] Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-29196661.

[9]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-29196912.

[10]  Ikus http://www.gregpalast.com/scotland-should-declare-its-independence-from-alex-salmond/.

[11]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-29202236.

[12]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29202680

[13]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-29206512.

[14]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210808/20140916/mateixa-merkel-dira-rajoy-faci-cap-tonteria-escocia.html.

[15] Ikus http://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/top-stories/scottish-independence-eu-negotiations-under-way-1-3541269.

[16]  Ikus http://radicalindependence.org/2014/09/16/ric-welcome-support-of-syriza-for-yes-vote/.

[17]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Et-73M1GZjM.

[18]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LnQU4fcqEYk.

[19]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BbRDHQl3IE8.

[20]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=otEwv_hb-z8.

[21]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ez4ZynDTDPo.

[22]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EXcl141lOwI.

[23]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jlh_2GH4eo8.

[24]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BbrlbFlK0dg.

[25]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0QZK3bCojcE.

[26]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zQC-j5ogK8M.

Zer dago gure esku?

Zentzuzkoa da ondoko mezua[1].

(Pena: erdara batuan idatzita egotea.)

Zatitxoak:

“… resulta insostenible que en menos de dos meses en Catalunya saquen las urnas a la calle y en Euskal Herria el debate político se reduzca a comisiones, elecciones, presupuestos… o a debatir quién tuvo más razón o incluso toda la razón durante las últimas décadas.”

“… En el mismo estado, a apenas 400 kilómetros, una nación expresa su voluntad democrática en la urnas, ¿y aquí la mayoría social que aspira a lo mismo se limita a analizarlo y suspirar? Quizás ocurra así, pero no solo habremos perdido una oportunidad de oro, sino bastantes de los elementos que nos han identificado como pueblo durante décadas. Un tiempo histórico, y este lo es, no se puede dirimir en clave de legislatura.”

“…, el PNV acepta ahora que abortar el camino abierto por Ibarretxe supuso una frustración social. El alivio, real u obligado, es la forma más pobre de gestionar la frustración.”

“Al reivindicar la vía escocesa frente a la catalana, el PNV obvia que la diferencia no está en las posturas de Edimburgo y Barcelona, sino en las de Londres y Madrid. Las condiciones para que la alternativa escocesa sea viable en Euskal Herria consisten en que la clase dirigente española cambie de ideología y que en un plazo razonable la cultura política española dé un giro de 180 grados. No solo es que esto sea imposible, sino que además no depende de la sociedad vasca. Pocas cosas pueden generar más frustración que esperar esa revolución cultural hispana.”

“…a diferencia del caso vasco, la sociedad catalana no cayó en la frustración, en el fatalismo, en la impotencia inducida por la clase política. Pasó de la indignación a la activación. Esa reacción fue transversal, hasta llegar a donde está hoy en día.”

Lo que genera frustración en la sociedad vasca es la falta de liderazgo y la incapacidad para articular políticamente una mayoría social y electoral clara que tiene dos prioridades políticas: paz y autodeterminación.

“…, es evidente que los dirigentes del PNV no tienen voluntad de dar aire a dinámicas que escapen a su control. El frente amplio que lidera EH Bildu sí desea impulsar y desarrollar esas dinámicas. Pero a menudo su labor parece reducida a demostrar la falta de voluntad de la otra parte.”

Las condiciones objetivas son quizás mejores que nunca, pero puede que no estemos acertando en las subjetivas. Tampoco acertamos los medios que defendemos el derecho de los vascos a ser lo que decidan democráticamente, en tanto en cuanto es nuestra responsabilidad ayudar a generar esas condiciones subjetivas. Ecualizar los sentimientos que generarán estos escenarios y gestionar los tiempos será determinante. Eso sí, está en nuestras manos.”

Gehigarriak:

i) Catalan demonstration for an independence vote[2]

ii) Spain frets as Catalonia eyes Scotland[3]

Mezu argia Kataluniatik:

Let the struggle continue![4]

 

[1]  Ikus http://www.naiz.eus/eu/hemeroteca/gara/editions/gara_2014-09-14-07-00/hemeroteca_articles/gestionar-los-tiempos-y-los-sentimientos-sera-clave.

[2]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLiJOebEKY1QRewMSvbMlzidtyyHEOIQ6C.

[3]  Ikus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=McyyHUboEHs.

[4] Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/editorial/4210248/let-the-struggle-continue.html.

Economic Hit Men

i) John Perkins-ek korporatokraziaz, euskaraz:

http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2013/06/08/errealitatea-eta-fikzioa/

ii) John Perkins-ek Greziaz, Europaz, Islandiaz, Ekuador-ez, NMF-z eta Munduko Bankuaz…

http://truth-out.org/news/item/26112-an-economic-hit-man-speaks-out-john-perkins-on-how-greece-has-fallen-victim-to-economic-hit-men

Gure Esku Dago, zer? (12)

Katalunian atzo gertatutakoaz inbidiaz beteriko sarrera honetan sartu baino lehen gogoratu link hau[1].

Scotland

Could the Bank of England become a huge Scottish creditor?[2

Brown and Major Urge Scots to Vote “No” Based on Nostalgia for the Army and World War I[3]

Scottish independence: Salmond says Scotland is ‘on cusp of making history’[4]

Scottish independence: RBS confirms London HQ move if Scotland votes ‘Yes’[5]

Scottish independence: Investment chief says Scotland ‘would prosper’[6]

Katalunia:

Albert Royo: ‘When there is a democratic mandate, the states will reply pragmatically’[7]

The Guardian s’implica amb la V[8]

Katalunia prest V historiko bat osatzeko[9]

The Eleventh of September: V is for Victory[10]

Clam per la independència amb una V gegantina[11

La V de la Diada, a la premsa internacional[12]

1.8 million people in Barcelona[13

As in Scotland, so in Catalonia[14]

World press react to Barcelona demonstration[15]

The Eleventh of September: V is for Victory[16]

La foto més impressionant de la V de la Diada[17]

Les millors imatges aèries de la V de la Diada[18]

La V de la Diada en onze minuts[19]

Catalonia: Another country[20]

Eta abar[21]

Let the struggle continue[22]

EH:

?????????????????

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Gogoratu link honetan dagoena[23].

 

[1]  Ikus http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2014/09/10/gure-esku-dago-zer-11/.

[2] Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29151280.

[3] Ikus http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2014/09/brown-major-urge-scots-vote-based-nostalgia-army-world-war.html.

[4]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-29151322,

[5]http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29151798,

[6] Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-business-29155827.

[7]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210127/20140910/albert-royo-when-there-is-democratic-mandate-the-states-will-reply-pragmatically.html.

[8] Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210156/20140910/the-guardian-simplica-v.html.

[9] Ikus http://m.argia.com/berria.php?id=50221.

[10] Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210280/20140911/the-eleventh-of-september-v-is-for-victory.html.

[11] Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209134/20140911/clam-independencia-v-gegantina.html.

[12] Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210274/20140911/v-diada-premsa-internacional.html.

[13]  Ikus http://www.theguardian.com/world/guardianwitness-blog/gallery/2014/sep/11/catalan-demonstration-for-an-independence-vote-your-photos. http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209134/20140911/clam-independencia-v-gegantina.html.

[14]  Ikus http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/sep/11/scotland-catalonia-scottish-referendum-vote-madrid-barcelona.

[15]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210338/20140911/world-press-react-to-barcelona-demonstration.html. http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210274/20140911/espectacular-resso-v-diada-premsa-internacional.html.

[16]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210280/20140911/the-eleventh-of-september-v-is-for-victory.html.

[17]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/editorial/4210248/let-the-struggle-continue.html.

[18]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210326/20140911/millors-imatges-aeries-v-diada.html.

[19]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210347/20140912/v-diada-onze-minuts.html.

[20]  Ikus http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/ea95aa3a-34e9-11e4-aa47-00144feabdc0.html?siteedition=intl#axzz3CzzUH6BA. http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210235/20140911/financial-times-explica-catalunya-altre-pais.html.

[21]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/—> 2014.09.12koa

[22]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/editorial/4210248/let-the-struggle-continue.html.

[23]  Ikus http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2014/06/13/gure-esku-dago-zer/.

Gure Esku Dago, zer? (11)

Hasierarako, ikus link hau[1].

Katalunia:

i) La V de la Diada bat rècords històrics[2]

ii) Quim Arrufat: ‘La consulta és el veritable acte de sobirania que podem fer com a poble’[3]

iii) Albert Royo: ‘La comunitat internacional s’adaptarà al mandat democràtic que resulti del procés’[4]

iv) Mas diu al Financial Times que una victòria del sí a Escòcia aplanaria el camí a Catalunya[5]

v) De poble en poble: el país es mobilitza[6]

Visca Catalunya Lliure!

Eskozia:

a) No more Scottish bank notes south of the border?[7]

b) Mick Jagger, Gordon Brown, and Paul Krugman Lead the Charge for British Rule of Scotland[8]

Euskal Herria:

Berririk ez.

Bai, edozer gauza da posible Granadan. Euskal-Herrian erran nahi dut

(Gabriel Aresti)[9]

 

[1]  Ikus http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2014/09/08/gure-esku-dago-zer-9/.

[2]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209134/20140910/v-diada-bat-records-historics.html.

[3]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210003/20140910/quim-arrufat-consulta-veritable-acte-sobirania-podem-poble.html.

[4] Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209920/20140910/albert-royo-comunitat-internacional-sadaptara-mandat-democratic-resulti-proces.html.

[5]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210019/20140909/mas-diu-financial-times-victoria-escocia-aplanaria-cami-catalunya.html. Ikus http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/6300a678-3837-11e4-9fc2-00144feabdc0.html?siteedition=intl#axzz3Cq91hUm9.

[6]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4210038/20140910/poble-poble-pais-mobilitza.html.

[7]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29117882.

[8]  Ikus http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2014/09/mick-jagger-gordon-brown-paul-krugman-lead-charge-british-rule-scotland.html. Halaber, ikus http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2014/09/09/paul-krugman-dtmrekin-bat-eskozia-tartean/.

[9]  Ikus Berririk ez, in Aurtengo zenbait berri, 1973, Donostia: Lur. Halaber, in Gabriel Aresti, Artikuluak. Hitzaldiak. Gutunak, Susa, 1986.

Paul Krugman DTMrekin bat, Eskozia tartean

Kanada eta Eskozia analizatuz, moneta jaulkitzailea eta moneta erabiltzailea desberdinduz, Espainia euroa erabiltzailea dela esanez eta euroguneko arazoak aipatuz, honela dio Kugman-ek[1]: “an independent Scotland using Britain’s pound would be in even worse shape than euro countries, which at least have some say in how the European Central Bank is run.”

Badirudi Krugman-ek azkenean DTM-ren puntu nagusia onartzen duela.

Gauza bera azpimarratu du Lambert Strether-ek[2]:

Paul Krugman adopts key MMT talking point.

William Balck-ek dioen moduan[3], kontua da Krugman-en  baieztapena ia zuzena dela, baina… Krugman-ek ez duela aipatzen gaurko egoeran, moneta batasunean, hots, Eskozia libra esterlinaren esparruan egonda, Eskoziak ez daukala moneta subiranorik, subiranotasuna ez daukalako.

Izan ere, dakigunez, subiranotasunak moneta propioa eskatzen du[4].

 

 

 

[1]  Ikus http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/08/opinion/paul-krugman-scots-what-the-heck.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=c-column-top-span-region&region=c-column-top-span-region&WT.nav=c-column-top-span-region&_r=2.

[2] Ikus http://www.correntewire.com/paul_krugman_adopts_key_mmt_talking_point.

[3]  Ikus http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2014/09/mick-jagger-gordon-brown-paul-krugman-lead-charge-british-rule-scotland.html.

Ingelesez:

Krugman’s column does pose a special challenge for those of us who understand Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) and Krugman’s increasing embrace of MMT.  Krugman’s central point in his column is almost correct.  He warns that not having a sovereign currency is dangerous for the reasons MMT has long explained and Krugman now accepts.  (Bizarrely, Krugman still denounces MMT for taking positions that MMT scholars do not in fact take and he keeps making the same strawman arguments no matter how many times my colleagues and I point out that MMT scholars do not take the positions he ascribes, without citation, to MMT.)

Krugman is correct that not having a sovereign currency is a risk and that Scotland would be far better off recovering all aspects of sovereignty, including its once sovereign currecy.  That is politically impossible in Scotland (as it is in Ecuador as I have explained previously).

What Krugman does not explain, however, is that Scotland already lacks a sovereign currency because it lacks sovereignty and is part of a “union” in which it is a small, permanent, and often scorned minority.  Regardless of the vote on independence Scotland will lack a sovereign currency.  The English have a sovereign currency, the Pound, and they have had at all times under the “Union” the votes to set the UK’s economic and currency policies.  Scotland was helpless to prevent the insane austerity that crippled Scotland’s recovery from the Great Recession and forced it back into a gratuitous second recession.”

 

[4]  Ikus http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2012/10/08/bill-mitchell-ek-eskoziaz/ eta  http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2013/10/31/eskozia-independentziaranzko-bidean/.

Gure Esku Dago, zer? (10)

Hasierarako ikus link hau[1].

Katalunia:

i) Francesc Homs: ‘No hi ha cap sortida que no sigui fer una consulta el 9’[2]

ii) Andreu Barnils: ‘L’independentisme ha entrat en tromba al cinturó roig’[3]

iv) Les V al món, recollides en un vídeo[5]

Eskozia:

a) No more Scottish bank notes south of the border?[6]

b) Against independence[7]

c) Summary[8]

d) Patricia Smith: ‘Alguna cosa extraordinària passa a Escòcia’[9]

e) Escòcia, a deu dies de l’adéu?[10]

Euskal Herria:

Missing. Erabat. Hots, in the middle of nowhere.

“Katalunia, geroari begira, eta Euskal Herria, berriz, iraganari lotua. Gatazkaren zauriak konpontzeko premia ez da aitzakia, bestelako dinamikak abiatzeko benetako eragozpena baizik.”

(Imanol Murua)

 

[1]  Ikus http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2014/09/08/gure-esku-dago-zer-9/.

[2]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209884/20140909/francesc-homs-cap-sortida-sigui-consulta-9-n.html.

[3]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209880/20140909/andreu-barnilslindependentisme-entrat-tromba-cinturo-roig.html.

[4] Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209731/20140909/democracia-directa-mesures-catalunya-independent.html.

[5]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209847/20140908/v-mon-recollides-video.html.

[6]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29117882.

[7]  Ikus http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2014/09/unintentional-self-parody-failed-banks-warn-scotland-independence.html eta

http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2014/09/parcel-rogues-nation-first-rbs-now-gordon-brown.html.

[8]  Ikus http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2014-09-08/scottish-independence-referendum-complete-summary.

[9]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209852/20140909/patricia-smith-alguna-cosa-extraordinaria-passa-escocia.html.

[10]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209759/20140908/escocia-deu-dies-ladeu.html.

Gure Esku Dago, zer? (9)

Pausalekua…

Katalunian:

i) Liz Castro’s Interview[1]

ii) Diada[2]

iii) Teresa Forcades[3]

iv) Desorientazioa[4]

Eskozian:

a) What price Scottish independence?[5]

b) Pound falls on fears of Scottish independence[6]

c) The papers: ‘Ten days to save the UK’[7]

EHn:

Kontua da ez dudala berrikuntzarik topatzen, ez dudala jarrera ausartik aurkitzen, ez dudala nabaritzen ekainaren 8an Euskal Herrian egin zen giza kateari inork aipamenik ere egiten dionik.”

(Maddalen Iriarte: Berria, Zazpika 815 zb.)

 

 

[1]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4200718/20140629/castro-the-best-way-to-get-american-recognition-is-for-catalans-to-show-they-are-determined-to-be-independent.html.

[2]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209134/20140907/v-diada-supera-inscrits-via-catalana.html eta  http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209504/20140908/the-catalans-next-challenge-giant-v-for-independence.html.

[3]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209727/20140908/teresa-forcades-tribunal-constitucional-declara-illegal-consulta-gran-moment-desobediencia-civil-organitzada.html.

[4]  Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209727/20140908/teresa-forcades-tribunal-constitucional-declara-illegal-consulta-gran-moment-desobediencia-civil-organitzada.html.

[5]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29103437.

[6]  Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29103445.

[7] Ikus http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-the-papers-29104774.

 

EBZ: noiz ikasiko dute? (2)

Hasiera[1].

Ikasten laguntzeko urrats batzuk…

Gogorapenak:

i) Warren Mosler-ek bankugintzaz[2]

Eta lan hau zehazki[3]. Izan ere, noizean behin irakur link horietan dagoena, ezjakintasun eta txorakeria guztien aurkako antidoto gisa.

Gehigarriak:

ii) Mosler-en azken lana[4], Fed-ez.

iii) Eta aspaldian egindako lana, Diruaren Zirkuitu Teoria eta Diru Teoria Modernoaren arteko zenbait berdintasun eta desberdintasun aipatuz[5].

iv) Bill Mitchell ere aritu da bankugintzaz eta EBZ-z[6].

Tartean, Mario Draghi reciting the liberal playbook[7]…: “Mario Draghi continues to insist that the eurozone needed austerity, though he admits it has been quite harmful.”

v) Randall Wray ere Fed-ez eta Altxor Publikoaz aritu da. Soilik haren azken tantatxoak segituan.

Izatez, beste lan interesgarri bat azaldu da bankugintzaz eta gastu subiranoaz. Hona kemen linka[8].

Eta hemen Wray-ek, iruzkinetan, dioena[9].

 

[1]  Ikus http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2014/09/05/ebz-noiz-ikasiko-dute/.

[2] Ikus http://www.huffingtonpost.com/warren-mosler/proposals-for-the-banking_b_432105.html

eta http://moslereconomics.com/wp-content/pdfs/Proposals.pdf

Euskaraz:

http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2014/03/18/bankugintza-beharrezko-gogorapenak/.

[3]  Ikus http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2012/11/04/warren-mosler-ek-bankugintzaz/.

[4]  Ikus http://moslereconomics.com/2014/08/28/comments-on-professor-john-cochranes-a-few-things-the-fed-has-done-right/.

[5]  Ikus http://www.google.es/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CB8QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.moslereconomics.com%2Fwp-content%2Fpowerpoints%2FMMT.pptx&ei=KfkJVIa_IIPoaJDkghg&usg=AFQjCNGb9_yEwyF27Vrv3iN2VwOAryEZ4g&sig2=y4pYzRNSyH4EjHhgJqsJnw&bvm=bv.74649129,d.d2s.

[6]  Ikus http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2012/09/17/ebz-europako-bankuak-eta-bundesbank/.

[7] Ikus http://www.businessinsider.com/mario-draghis-speech-at-jackson-hole-2014-8.

[8]  Ikus http://neweconomicperspectives.org/2014/09/bank-dollars-sovereign-spending.html.

[9] Banku Zentrala eta Altxor Publikoa: (Fed and Treasury)

Ingelesez: “MRW | September 4, 2014 at 9:40 pm |

According to former Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, Frank N Newman in Freedom From National Debt (2013):

When the Treasury distributes funds, the nation’s deposits are initially increased. Where can the bank money go? Let’s look at an example, excluding the portion covered by taxes. Typically, before the Treasury issues $ 20 billion of securities, the government has distributed $ 20 billion to the public from its account at the Fed: redeeming maturing Treasuries, paying companies that provide goods and services for the government, for payments to individuals, etc.

Newman, Frank N. (2013-04-22). Freedom from National Debt (Kindle Locations 255-271). Two Harbors Press. Kindle Edition.

MRW | September 4, 2014 at 10:02 pm MRW |

Frank Newman also wrote on page 18 of the print version of Freedom From National Debt: In the process of Treasury issuance and redemption, the money involved changes hands but cannot leave the U.S. financial system. There is a huge, deep market for Treasuries, with an average of over $ 500 billion per day traded. Typically when the Treasury issues securities, it has already distributed funds to the bank accounts of investors redeeming securities and to recipients of government payments, from the Treasury account at the Fed. Treasury has been generally keeping about $ 100 billion, sometimes up to $ 300 billion, on deposit at the Fed— that is in addition to the hundreds of billions of other assets, including gold and silver, held by the Treasury. Sometimes the Treasury issues securities temporarily in advance of disbursement, mostly as part of planning for seasonal variations. Generally, the Treasury uses bank money newly received from tax collection and Treasury issuance to replenish its deposit accounts at the Fed.”

1 bilioi amerikarra: 109

 

Gure Esku Dago, zer? (8)

Aurrera joan baino lehen, hasteko, ikus Gure Esku Dago, zer? (7)[1].

EHz:

i) Galdera zuzena[2]:

Nahi duzu euskal estatu burujabe bateko herritar izan?

ii) EAJ:

“Oraingo eztabaida ez da independentzia bai ala ez. Gauza sakonagoak landu behar ditugu.” (Andoni Ortuzar)

Ortuzar-ek Eskoziako galdeketaz[3]: “Metodo hori da guretzat nahi duguna.

 

Aitor Esteban-ek[4]: “Beste txosna paralelo bat sortu nahi dute aktibismo politikorako, beraiek hor egon gabe, baina beraien gertuko jendea jarrita gurdiari tiraka. Aizue, ba ez.

Kataluniaz:

iii) It’s time[5]

iv) ‘Nosaltres només som perquè volem ser’[6]

v) Artur Mas: ‘things have to be done in the right way‘[7]

Gogoratzekoa:

Aunque la izquierda aberzale la constituyeran solo cuatro, debería tener un plan, un proyecto, una hoja de ruta, un contacto constante con otras fuerzas y un recorrido por todo el mundo para dar a conocer sus objetivos.” (Javier Sádaba)

 

[1]  Ikus http://www.unibertsitatea.net/blogak/heterodoxia/2014/09/05/gure-esku-dago-zer-7/.

[2]  Ikus http://www.berria.eus/paperekoa/1848/009/001/2014-09-06/euskal_estatuaz_galdera.htm.

[3] Ikus http://www.berria.eus/albisteak/95480/ortuzar_eskoziako_galdeketaz_metodo_hori_da_guretzat_nahi_duguna.htm.

[4]  Ikus http://www.berria.eus/paperekoa/2033/005/001/2014-08-24/estebanek_etari_egotzi_dio_balizko_galdeketa_baterako_aukera_atzeratzea.htm.

[5] Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209564/20140907/merili-varik-lestoniana-canta-independencia-catalunya.html.

[6] Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209653/20140906/discurs-integre-lluis-llach-terrassa-nosaltres-nomes-som-volem.html.

[7] Ikus http://www.vilaweb.cat/noticia/4209510/20140906/catalan-president-self-determination-vote-will-have-to-always-respect-an-existing-legal-framework.html.